We compiled for you a partial list of the many common diseases in dogs. But be aware that you should always first consult your veterinarian for an accurate diagnosis and treatment options for each of diseases that will be covered in this article.
Allergies do not only affect people, your dog can also suffer from wide array of allergies. Allergens include everyday substances, even food, so you must be careful when you notice some of the symptoms.
Skin conditions can be often be helped with the right nutrition even if the cause is not dietary. Here is the list of food that can reduce severe dermatitis reaction.
Arthritis is the term used for abnormal changes in a joint that occur when cartilage is worn away faster than it can be replaced. Cartilage is a cushion that acts as a cushion to protect the bones. Joints become swollen and painful when it wears away.
Some symptoms of arthritis are similar to those of other serious conditions. Make sure you consult your veterinarian.
The brain is affected by the aging process just like the rest of the body. Damage to the brain’s cells can lead to changes in your dog’s behavior and alertness.
Half of all dogs over 8 years old will have some signs of brain aging. Your dog may begin to act differently as he ages.
Many experts agree that brain aging in dogs is primarily caused by free radicals. Some free radicals may be caused by the environmental conditions, but many are produced by the body’s own metabolism.
Changes in brain function occur very slowly. You may notice small differences in behavior, or you may not notice them until they start to interfere with your dog’s everyday life.
You can’t stop free radicals from being produced in your dog’s body. Antioxidants, minerals, and vitamins may counteract the damage they cause.
As your dog ages, continue to feed him foods rich in essential nutrients antioxidants to keep him active and alert. Older dogs can continue to have a high quality of life if they receive the nutrition they need.
Dogs can develop cancer, just like people. One of the most common cancers in dogs is osteosarcoma or bone cancer. Also common are lymphoma, a tumor of the lymph nodes, skin cancers, breast cancer, soft tissue sarcomas, oral cancers.
Unfortunately as it turns out there is no universal cure for human cancer yet, same can apply to our pets. Surgery, radiation and chemotherapy can ease up or in some cases eradicate cancer.
Nutrition can help extending life for dogs undergoing cancer treatment and improve their quality of life. Increasing fatty acids, protein, and fat helps meet a dog's additional energy requirements during recovery from treatment.
Bad breath in your dog is not just annoying. It could be a sign of trouble such as gingivitis or periodontal disease. Plaque, a colorless film on your dog's teeth (and yours), causes gum disease and halitosis.
Plaque causes a buildup of tartar and then you have:
These disorders can be a result of genetic, environmental, or nutritional factors. You can greatly reduce your puppy’s chances of developing a growth disorder if you start him out with good nutrition and give him veterinary care from the beginning.
If your puppy grows too fast, he may develop some of those symptoms. Some are more common with certain breeds.
Large or giant breeds are at greatest risk for growth disorders. Some of the breeds that are prone to this conditions are:
Feeding him the right food in the right way is essential to your puppy’s healthy development.
Growth disorders are easier to prevent than to treat. For large and giant breeds, veterinarians often recommend food with lower calcium and energy. Small and medium breeds do well with a properly balanced growth formula.
Just like in humans, diabetes in dogs is serious, but manageable.
Diabetes is usually caused by damage to the pancreas whereby it does not produce the proper amount of insulin to control your dog’s sugar levels.
There is no cure for diabetes mellitus, but it can be managed with insulin, exercise, and proper nutrition. Fiber is important. Moderate to high levels of fiber lower blood glucose levels and insulin requirements, and fiber makes the body more responsive to insulin.
Consistency with feeding and food is essential.
Fleas are not a disease but they are a common problem for dogs and disease carrier.
They can cause anemia in puppies, which can be life-threatening. Dogs can become allergic to the saliva of fleas and then just one bite can cause a reaction. The sores from scratching can lead to skin infections.
Fleas also spread parasites such as tapeworms that can easily cause mess in your dog stomach and colons.
There are many very easy to use flea treatments now and your vet can recommend the best one for your dog.
Another way of protecting your dog is to prevent fleas and ticks by treating common grounds. For example you can treat your backyard and living room with one of remedies.
Food reactions are usually associated with protein sources – probably the meat in your dog's food. As we said earlier dog can be allergic to some foods.
It may take months or years for your dog to develop an allergic response to a particular food. Once he's allergic, though, he will almost always have a bad reaction to that food.
The most common allergens are beef, dairy, wheat, egg, chicken, lamb, soy, pork, rabbit, and fish. And, most dogs are usually allergic to more than one thing.
Gastrointestinal (GI) diseases and disorders affect your dog's intestines and stomach causing pain and other problems.
Your dog's food can have a major impact on her GI tract health. Highly digestible food can prevent irritation to sensitive intestines and stomachs.
Lots of fiber combined with moderate fat levels in your dog's food helps to support proper intestinal function for your dog. Long-term nutritional management of the disorder may be required.
As last resort antibiotics may help if the cause is an infection.
Heart disease is a manageable condition. Treatment can’t reverse heart disease but your dog can live a relatively normal life.
Aging is the primary cause of heart conditions in dogs. Other factors such as heartworm can also lead to heart disease.
Worth mentioning is that some larger breeds are prone to heart conditions.
If your dog has any of the following symptoms, take him to his vet for an accurate diagnosis. These symptoms are common in other diseases so you need an expert to pinpoint exact one.
As with people, a low-sodium food that will help reduce fluid build-up and make it easier for the heart to work effectively is recommended.
Dogs can contract many infections from viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, internal and external parasites. A few of them are listed below.
Heartworm, or dog heartworm (dirofilaria immitis) is a parasitic roundworm that is spread from host to host through mosquito bites. It is a small thread-like worm that travels through the dog’s bloodstream and lives in the heart and the lung arteries as an adult.
Heartworm infection may result in serious disease, and death is typically a result of congestive heart failure.
Symptoms rarely appear until six months after infection. Some dogs will never show signs of infection. Those that do may cough, especially during exercise, and tire easily during exercise.
Treatment is complex and your dog’s condition needs to be stabilized before that can begin.
In cases where adult worms have built up in the heart without treatment, there will be severe weight loss, fainting, coughing up blood and, finally, death.
Kennel cough is an infectious respiratory disease caused by the bacteria bordetella bronchiseptica or by one of several viruses.
It most commonly occurs in dogs in close confinement and is spread by sneezing or coughing. It can lead to more serious conditions such as pneumonia.
Symptoms include sneezing, a harsh dry cough, snorting, retching, gagging, vomiting, fever. Treatment includes antibiotics as well as medicines to treat the symptoms. Any dog going to a high-risk environment should be vaccinated.
Lyme disease is caused by a bacteria that is transmitted by the bite of ticks and only causes symptoms in a small percentage of affected dogs.
When infection leads to disease in dogs, the dominant symptom is recurrent joint warmness and pain, lameness due to inflammation of the joints, possibly “shifting-leg lameness.” The dog may also be depressed and have a poor appetite.
Other symptoms are a stiff walk with an arched back, sensitivity to touch, difficulty breathing, fever.
Diagnosis is difficult because many of the symptoms are common with other problems.
Treatment for less severe cases includes antibiotics and anti-inflammatories.
Serious complications include kidney damage and (rarely) heart or nervous system disease.
Instances of Lyme-related kidney disease appears to be more prevalent in Golden retrievers, Labrador retrievers, Bernese Mountain dogs, and Shetland sheepdogs.
Here is map of Lyme Diseases Cases in states from CDC.
There are two types of mange in dogs. Demodectic mange is caused by a parasitic mite called demodex that lives in a dog’s hair follicles. Symptoms of this mange include redness, hair loss, and scaling. It is not contagious to humans.
Sarcoptic mange is caused by sarcoptes scabiei canis, a parasitic mite that burrows into the skins and causes scabies. Symptoms include intense itching and scaling, and is contagious to humans.
Treatment includes scabicidal shampoos and dips. The dog should be quarantined from humans and other pets for the duration.
Parvo, or canine parvovirus, is a gastrointestinal infection caused by a virus and mainly affects puppies. If untreated, fatality can be as high as 91%.
Parvo is highly contagious and is spread from dog to dog by contact with feces.
Vaccines can prevent this infection. Dogs should be vaccinated at early age, it can be costly but your dog will be safe from parvovirus for rest of his life.
Signs of the disease may include lethargy, vomiting, diarrhea (usually bloody), and fever. Diarrhea and vomiting result in dehydration, and secondary infections can occur as a result of the weakened immune system. The intestinal lining is compromised, leading to anemia endotoxemia. Any or all of these factors can lead to shock and death.
Treatment usually involves extensive hospitalization, due to severe dehydration and damage to the intestines and bone marrow.
Rabies (hydrophobia) is a viral disease that causes acute inflammation of the brain and can affect any mammal. It is fatal and can spread from dogs to humans. It is transmitted primarily through bites.
Symptoms include confusion, violent movements, uncontrolled excitement, fear of water, an inability to move parts of the body, and loss of consciousness. It usually takes one to three months for symptoms to show up.
Humans can survive the disease if treated with a vaccination before the symptoms appear.
Vaccination of dogs for rabies is commonly required by law.
The kidneys remove waste from the bloodstream and regulate fluids in the body. If the kidneys can’t do their job, your dog could die. If your dog is diagnosed with kidney disease, your veterinarian may describe it as either acute or chronic.
Acute, or sudden, kidney disorders:
Chronic, or long-term, kidney disease may result from the above factors, plus some combination of:
Unfortunately, the symptoms of kidney disease usually do not appear until more than two-thirds of kidney function has been lost. Kidney failure can’t be reversed.
The liver filters toxins from the bloodstream, among other important functions. Because it works to rid the body of so many substances, damage could come from many different sources.
Early diagnosis can allow for treatment through diet.
More than 50% of the pets in the U.S. are overweight. Obesity in dogs can cause many health problems that can limit your dog’s play time and lead to depression.
Your dog will need more exercise to lose weight. More important, your veterinarian can suggest or prescribe a weight loss dog food – low fat and low calorie - to help your dog stay fit. Fiber is an important ingredient, as it will help your dog feel full while eating less.
Your dog may now be prone to weight gain will need an ongoing weight-management plan and regular weigh-ins.
Feeding your dog a poor diet can cause urolithiasis, a urinary tract disease in which crystals or stones form the urinary tract and cause pain, irritation, and possibly blockage. This is similar to kidney stones in people.
There is no single cause of urinary tract disease.
Feeding your dog a food with restricted amounts of those minerals may assist in dissolving some types of formations in the urinary tract.
Any dog that has been treated for urinary tract disease may develop it again. Continue to management the disease through nutrition and watch closely for recurring symptoms.