Cute Kitty Resting on a Laptop

Prevent Illness & Disease In Cats

Follow our tips to prevent disease and illness in your cat or kitten.

The essentials – provide your cat with love, a clean litter box, veterinary care, safe shelter, water, food.

Keep Your Cat Indoors To Avoid

  • Feline Immunodeficiency Virus
  • Feline Infectious Peritonitis
  • ​Feline Leukemia Virus
  • Heartworm
  • ​Fleas and flea allergies
  • Tapeworms

Build your cat an enclosure attached to a window that lets him get fresh air and some birdwatching action.

Cat Being Held by a Vet

First Visit To The Vet

  • Your cat is weighed
  • Your cat gets a first exam to begin her file
  • ​Your cat gets his first vaccinations for major cat diseases
  • The vet makes notes of potential problems

Have Your Female Cat Spayed By 6 Months

  • Prevents the cat version of breast cancer which is 90% fatal
  • Prevents the uterus infection pyometra
  • ​Prevents malignant tumors of the uterus and ovaries
  • A spayed cat won’t add to the unwanted cat population
  • ​Prevents complications that can occur during birthing
  • Regular heat cycles are stressful on a cat’s body making her more susceptible to respiratory disease, parasite infestations, bacterial infections
Cat in a Vets Office Next to Supplies

Have Your Male Cat Neutered By 6 Months

  • Prevents testicular cancer
  • Prevents fighting with other males
  • ​Fighting can result in serious injuries and serous diseases
  • Neutered cats are less likely to roam, reducing the chance they will get hit by a car or eaten by predators

Regular Visits To Your Veterinarian

  • Monitor for common cat diseases and conditions
  • Update vaccinations
  • ​Check health of ears, eyes, and teeth
  • Weigh-in

Provide Fresh Water 24/7

Use a cat fountain if your cat prefers moving water.

Cat Drinking Water from a Cat Bowl

Feed Your Cat A Proper Cat Diet

  • Cats are carnivores, not omnivores
  • High in meat proteins, low in plant-based products
  • Be sparing with treats and people food
  • Prevents obesity, heart disease, diabetes, kidney problems

Litter Box Cleanliness

  • Cats are fastidious so they need their litter cleaned daily
  • If they avoid the litter pan and hold in their urine it becomes concentrated
  • This can cause crystals to form which create blockages that lead to FUS or kidney problems

Dental Care

  • Prevent gingivitis and periodontal disease
  • Brush your cat’s teeth with toothpaste made for cats
  • ​Chew toys to exercise gums and remove tartar
  • Annual teeth cleaning at the vet
  • Kibble doesn’t clean teeth but there are special treats that help


Wipe away gunk with eye/ear wipes or a damp cotton ball. Visit the vet if you see cloudiness, watery eyes, tear stains, white or red eyelid linings, gunk in the corners, pawing at the eye, squinting, or a visible third eyelid.

Eye problems could be caused by cataracts, conjunctivitis, glaucoma, viruses, inflammation, trauma, retinal disease.


If your cat is one that regularly has a waxy buildup in his ears, you can clean them. If you notice excessive scratching, an odor, redness, hot spot, pawing, your cat may have an ear infection.


  • Cats can develop an allergy to flea saliva
  • Fleas can cause anemia in kittens
  • Flea transmit parasites such as tapeworm
  • ​There are many easy-to-use flea treatments today
  • Never use a product made for dogs – it may be toxic for a cat
Cat Getting Brushed

Groom Your Cat Often

  • Prevents hairballs
  • Keeps her coat and skin healthy
  • ​Prevents matting
  • Trim his claws to prevent them growing into his paws
  • Opportunity to discover lumps, fleas, injuries

Play And Fun

  • Cats can entertain themselves but play together gives her exercise and mental stimulation
  • Scratching posts keeps claws in good shape
  • You don’t need fancy toys – a ball of tinfoil, ping pong balls, a paper bag
  • ​Give her toys and scratching posts to distract her from your furniture and rugs
  • Give him a catnip-fest from time to time – it’s okay for him to eat it or roll in it
cats playing on a cat tree

Cat Condo Or Tree

Gives your cat things to climb and scratch and stretch. Provides perches for watching and cat caves for sleeping and hiding.

Poisons & Hazards

  • People medicines – one ibuprofen can kill
  • Many flowers and plants
  • ​Insecticides, pesticides, even the flea treatment on your dog
  • ​Household cleaners
  • Some cats love bleach - never leave them alone with it
  • ​Antifreeze, potpourri
  • Essential oils are toxic to a cat’s liver – even the smell
  • String and rubber bands

Cat Grass

It aids digestion for indoor cats and helps prevent hairballs. They love it plus it provides some nutrients that aren’t in cat food. You can buy it at the grocery store or grow it yourself. Use oat grass or wheat grass or barley seeds.

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